Know the biology of attachment and trauma

Know the biology of attachment and trauma

To understand — and treat or overcome — problems associated with attachment and trauma, it’s imperative to understand how parts of the brain function. Let’s start with the limbic system. It is the social and emotional part of the brain,...
Overcoming adversity

Overcoming adversity

It is well known that trauma has many negative effects on children and adults, including PTSD, depression, medical conditions and substance abuse. An alternative perspective, however, is that trauma can result in positive outcomes. Individuals can experience positive...
Resilience requires love

Resilience requires love

Resilience means “bouncing back” from adversity. The primary factor in resilience is having supportive and caring relationships that include trust, love, dependability, healthy role models, encouragement, and reassurance. Nurturing relationships between parents and...
Toxic stress: A public health diaster

Toxic stress: A public health diaster

A landmark research project over the last 20 years, the Adverse Childhood Experiences study, assessed thousands of adults’ physical and emotional well-being, then asked them about their childhood traumas: abuse, neglect, family dysfunction, and attachment. They found...