The stress response is critical to understanding the neurobiology of trauma and attachment disorder. Stress is an automatic physiological response to any situation that is threatening, overwhelming, or requires adjustment to change. The stress response includes many physical changes, such as increased heart rate and breathing, and inhibited digestion and immune response, triggered by stress […]
Resilience means “bouncing back” from adversity. The primary factor in resilience is having supportive and caring relationships that include trust, love, healthy role models, encouragement, and support. Nurturing relationships between parents and children have the power to heal trauma. Exposure to trauma makes children feel frightened and helpless, and they need calm, caring and consistent […]
While it is common for children with histories of developmental attachment trauma to display both caregiving and control behavior, it is the latter form — angry, manipulative, threatening, and coercive control — that is most typical of children who enter the mental health and child welfare systems.